Từ điển Thành ngữ và Cụm động từ trong Kinh doanh - GARDENFUN.NET

Mobile/ Zalo: +84968155855
Đi tới nội dung

Từ điển Thành ngữ và Cụm động từ trong Kinh doanh

TỪ ĐIỂN > KInh doanh

Idiom là gì?
Thành ngữ tiếng Anh hay còn gọi với những tên quen thuộc là Idioms là một nhân tố rất quan trọng đánh giá mức độ thông thạo dưới ngôn ngữ của một người. Idioms là một số câu hay cụm từ mà người bản ngữ thường sử dụng. Nó không có công thức mà buộc phải bạn phải học và trau dồi để cho mình vốn từ vựng tốt hơn, gần với bản ngữ hơn nữa. Ví dụ: một thành ngữ “đánh vào quyển sách" hay "vặn tay"... Bạn gãi đầu tự hỏi vì sao bạn chẳng thể hiểu hết các ý nghĩa mà mọi người đang nói, dù rằng bạn có thể dịch các từ này. Đó là bởi vì mọi người đang dùng thành ngữ tiếng Anh đấy! Nếu bạn không hiểu một số thành ngữ thông dụng tiếng Anh, sẽ khó có thể thực sự giao tiếp với người bản ngữ.

Phrasal verb là gì?
Phrasal verb là cụm động từ, được cấu tạo từ động từ và các tiểu từ (có thể là giới từ hoặc trạng từ.)
Ý nghĩa của phrasal verb có nghĩa khác hoàn toàn so với ý nghĩa của động từ ban đầu.

Ví dụ:
  • Attend (tham dự) + giới từ “to” = attend to: có nghĩa là chú ý.
  • Break (gãy, nứt, vỡ)+ giới từ “up” = break up: có nghĩa là chia tay, giải tán.

Đặc điểm và cách sử dụng Phrasal verbs
Mặc dù cụm động từ có ý nghĩa khác với động từ ban đầu trước khi thêm tiểu từ, nhưng vai trò của nó trong câu cũng không khác gì động từ thông thường.
Phrasal verb được dùng làm nội động từ hoặc ngoại động từ của câu:
Ngoại động từ (transitive)

Khi cụm động từ làm ngoại động từ, nó sẽ được theo sau là một danh từ, đại từ với vai trò là túc từ/ tân ngữ cho cụm động từ đó. Tuy nhiên vị trí của tân ngữ này không cố định.
Tân ngữ ở giữa động từ và tiểu từ hoặc phía sau tiểu từ
Ví dụ:
  • She took the shirt back. (Cô ấy đã trả lại cái áo.)
  • The police broke into the hospital to rescue everyone. (Cảnh sát đã xông vào bệnh viện để giải cứu mọi người.)

Tân ngữ bắt buộc phải ở giữa động từ và tiểu từ nếu nó là đại từ
Ví dụ:
  • She has called him back. (Cô ấy vừa gọi anh ta quay trở lại.)
  • He is trying to cheer her up. (Anh ta đang cố gắng làm cô ấy vui.)

Nội động từ (intransitive)

Sau cụm động từ không có tân ngữ đi kèm.
Ví dụ:
  • The car breaks down in the rain. (Cái xe ngừng hoạt động trong cơn mưa.)
  • Sometimes, I drop by my parent’s house for tea. (Thỉnh thoảng tôi ghé nhà ba mẹ uống trà.)


1 about time (too) = to finally do something "They've finally appointed a new chairman, and it's about time too."

2 above board = legal "The tax loophole is all above board."

3 across the board = including everyone or everything "The pay increases will be applied across the board."

4 all in a day's work = a task that falls into normal daily work routines "Dealing with emergencies is all in a day's work."

5 (all) par for the course = normal, to be expected "Delays of up to six months are par for the course."

6 at loggerheads = to disagree strongly with someone "The two managers were at loggerheads over the expansion plans."

7 at the helm = in charge (also "take the helm") "He decided to step down after 20 years at the helm of the company he'd founded."

8 back down = withdraw your demands in a negotiation, or accept you've lost the argument "The union says that if we don't back down on our demands, they'll call a strike."

9 backlash = a negative consequence or reaction after an action or event "If we make further losses, we risk a backlash from our investors." (Also, "a backlash against" something.)

10 backroom boys = people whose work is important but who don't get much recognition "The backroom boys in the R&D department are essential to our innovation strategy."

11 backtrack / backpedal = change your opinion or decision on something, often to dilute it or "water it down" "The government is backtracking on its proposals to increase inheritance tax."

12 (be) bailed out = given money to survive (a bailout) "Will Spain be the next Eurozone country to require a bailout?"

13 ball park figure / estimate = an approximate amount "Can you give me a ball park figure for the amount of tax we'll have to pay this year?"

14 (get) bang for your buck = get value for money "I'm concerned we aren't getting much bang for our buck with these investments."

15 (be a) barometer = a barometer is an instrument measuring changes in air pressure. Used as a business idiom, it means something that shows changes in market conditions, etc. "The inflation rate is a useful barometer of the government's economic policies."

16 be loaded = be very rich "Ask Daniel for a loan. He's loaded."

17 be on fighting form = to be in good (economic) shape "After the merger, the new company was on fighting form."

18 be on to a winner = do something which will probably be successful "You're onto a winner with that website."

19 be / come under fire = be attacked or criticised "The Sales Manager has come under fire for his average performance."

20 bean-counter = an accountant "If you need to know the exact figures, go and ask the bean-counters."

21 bear fruit = lead to the result you expected "We're hoping that our efforts will bear fruit."

22 bear the brunt = have to face the worst part of something "Consumers will bear the brunt of the increase in sales tax."

23 beat around the bush = not get to the point "Don't beat around the bush. How much have we lost, exactly?"

24 bedrock = the foundations "The bedrock of the company's wealth is its property holdings in central London."

25 beer money = a small extra income for going out, etc "He earns a little beer money from his weekend stall."

26 behind closed doors = secret, not in public "The deal was done behind closed doors."

27 behind the scenes = something happening in secret while other things are visible "Behind the scenes, both the unions and the management are trying to find a compromise."

28 belt-tightening = reducing expenses "The company's going through a period of belt-tightening, which means we have less to spend on marketing."

29 between a rock and a hard place = to be in a difficult position, with no obvious solutions "We're between a rock and a hard place. If we stay in the market, we risk making a loss, but if we leave, we'll lose our investment."

30 big boys = major players in a market "The company are the big boys in academic publishing."

31 big cheese / shot / wig = an important person "Jake is a big cheese in the video gaming industry."

32 big fish in a small pond = a person / company with influence in a small sector or sphere "He's a big fish in a small pond. You should get to know him."

33 bite the bullet - to make a tough decision "We're going to have to bite the bullet and lay off a few people if we're going to survive."

34 bite / hold your tongue = to hold back from saying what you want "I was sitting in that meeting biting my tongue."

35 black hole = a large gap "The new government has found a black hole in its finances."

36 blank cheque (Br Eng) blank check (US spelling) = to give someone complete control over something "He's got a blank cheque to restructure the whole section."

37 bomb (to bomb) = to fail "The new product bombed."

38 boom time = a time of great prosperity "It's boom time for house-owners right now, who are seeing the value of their properties soar."

39 bottleneck = delay or blockage (especially for credit, investment or procedures) "Production problems have caused a bottleneck in order fulfilment." "Strict credit terms are creating a bottleneck in business financing."

40 bottom line = the final figure on the balance sheet / overall success or impact "Cutting costs would help us improve our bottom line." "What impact does this role have on the bottom line?"

41 bottom out = reach the lowest point "Experts believe that the housing market hasn't bottomed out yet."

42 bounce back = recover from earlier losses or problems "The company has bounced back after its first quarter losses."

43 brains behind (to be the brains behind) = the person who invented / managed a plan or strategy "Steve is the brains behind our growth strategy."

44 break even = to be at a point where you make neither a profit nor a loss "We hope to break even this year." (Also 'break-even point'.)

45 break the bank = be too expensive to buy "We can't afford a leasehold in central London. It would break the bank."

46 bricks and mortar = house or shop as a physical asset or investment "If you want a safe investment, choose bricks and mortar."

47 bring something to its knees (be brought to its knees) = drive a company to the brink of collapse "The recession has brought the company to its knees."

48 brush aside = refuse to listen to criticisms, complaints, suggestions etc "The management team brushed aside customer complaints."

49 bubble (burst the bubble) = successful period of time or activity "The dotcom bubble was bound to burst eventually."

50 (a) bumpy ride = experiencing a lot of problems "The manufacturing sector experienced a bumpy ride in the first quarter."

51 burn your bridges = leave a company on such bad terms that you will never be rehired "Write a nice resignation letter so that you don't burn your bridges."

52 business as usual = normal business conditions which have resumed "It's business as usual after floods last week closed the entire town."

53 buy out (buyout) = buy someone's share of the business to gain complete control "News of the management buyout increased share value by almost 5%."

54 buzz word = a word used a lot at the moment, or in a particular industry / sector "The buzzword this month is 'pay it forward'."

55 call time on = end "The company has called time on its incentives system."

56 carry weight = (of words, opinions etc) be influential, have authority "His opinion that the economy will pick up carries some weight with company investors."

26/218 Phạm Văn Đồng, Cổ Nhuế 2, Bắc Từ Liêm, Hà Nội, Việt Nam
+84968155855/   +84985412555
Quay lại nội dung